Aldactone belongs to a group of medicines known as diuretics (water-pills).
Aldactone is used to lower high blood pressure, also called hypertension. It treats fluid build-up in the body which can occur in some heart, liver or kidney conditions. It helps bring potassium levels in the blood back to normal when the levels become too low. It also treats a condition called hyperaldosteronism and excess facial or body hair in women.
Follow the directions for using this medicine provided by your doctor. Take Aldactone exactly as directed.
Your doctor will tell you how much Aldactone you need to take.
The usual dose for adults with high blood pressure is 50mg to 100mg per day which may be gradually increased at two weekly intervals up to 200 mg per day. The daily dose may be given either in divided doses or as a single daily dose. Treatment should be continued for at least two weeks since an adequate response may not occur before this time.
For other conditions, your doctor will tell you how many tablets you need to take each day and when to take them. This depends on your condition and whether or not you are taking other medicines.
Store at room temperature between 59 and 86 degrees F (between 15 and 30 degrees C) away from moisture and sunlight.
Do not store in the bathroom.
This drug may cause dizziness or blurred vision.
Watch for signs of dehydration such as dry mouth or thirst.
You may experience nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, fatigue, sleeplessness or nasal congestion the first few days as your body adjusts to the medication.
If any of these effects persist or worsen, inform your doctor promptly.
Unlikely but report promptly if you develop yellowing of the skin, deepening of the voice, sore throat, weakness, irregular pulse, persistent cough, decreased sexual ability, change in the amount of urine, increased breast size or breast soreness.
In the unlikely event you have an allergic reaction to this drug, seek immediate medical attention.
Symptoms of an allergic reaction include rash, itching, swelling, dizziness or breathing trouble.
If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
Tell your doctor your medical history especially of kidney or liver disease, urinary problems, diabetes, of sodium or potassium imbalances and of any allergies.
Because this drug changes your fluid balance, you may feel dizzy if you change from a lying to a standing position too rapidly.
Avoid this by rising slowly.
If this drug makes you dizzy, use caution while engaging in activities that require alertness such as driving or using machinery.
Before having surgery, including dental surgery, tell the doctor you take spironolactone.
This drug should be used only when clearly needed during pregnancy.
Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.
This drug is excreted into breast milk and the manufacturer of this drug recommends that breast-feeding not be undertaken while using it.
Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
If you miss a dose, take as soon as remembered; do not take if it is almost time for the next dose, instead, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule.
Do not double the dose to catch up.
Tell your doctor of all medications you may use (both prescription and nonprescription) especially of other diuretics ("water pills" such as amiloride or triamterene), lithium, digoxin, potassium supplements, cyclosporine, mitotane or "ACE Inhibitors" (e.g., lisinopril, captopril, enalapril, fosinopril).
Aspirin may decrease the effects of spironolactone.
Many nonprescription products contain aspirin.
Consult your pharmacist if you are uncertain your nonprescription medicines contain aspirin.
Do not start or stop any medicine without doctor or pharmacist approval.